AIKIDO literally means “The Way of Harmony” and in later years as the character “Ai” had the same sound as the character for “Love”, its also equates Aikido.
“The Way of Love And Harmony”
To the uninitiated, Aikido is a form of self-defense that emphasizes wrist, elbow and shoulder locks, all of which are powerful and painful, coupled with training in the use of sword, staff and knife techniques. Aikido was founded by Morihei Ueshiba in the early twentieth century and has grown to be one of the world’s most popular martial arts.
The essence of Aikido is basically the harmony of Aikido and the mind. A fundamental axiom of aikido is that the gentle can control the strong through the study of techniques. However, aikido is more than simply a physical skill which coordinates with the opponent’s movement. Taken a step further, this means that the aikidoka must understand his opponent and share his feelings; so the final objective is not to inflict injury but to cultivate a sense of harmony.
Aikido techniques are largely designed toward keeping the attacker off balance and leading their mind. Manipulation of uke’s balance by entering is ofter referred as “taking the centre”. It is sometimes said that Aikido contains only defense, and the attacks that are performed are not really aikido. From a historical perspective this claim is questionable, but many if not most aikidoka have the defense techniques as the focus of their training. Much of aikido’s repertoire of defenses can be performed either as throwing techniques (nage-waza) or as pins (katame-waza), depending on the situation.
History of Yoshinkan
Soke Gozo Shioda was born in Shinjuku, Tokyo in 1915. His father, Shioda Seiichi was a prominent pediatrician and medical academic, who, having a penchant for martial arts, had constructed a dojo and named it Yoshinkan or “House of cultivating the spirit”. Various teachers were invited to demonstrate and instruct there. He enthusiastically began practicing various arts showing the determination and super abundance of energy that were to characterize his entire approach to life. He was naturally talented and made rapid progress to third Dan in Judo by the time he reached his mid teens.
At the age of 18 his father sent him to watch a class led by Morihei Ueshiba at the Kobukan. Morihei Ueshiba’s school was somewhat exclusive and was said to offer a powerful martial art. On his initial visit, watching Morihei throw his opponent about so easily and without any apparent effort, he felt sure that he was witnessing a fraud but was invited to try his Judo skills against Morihei to see for himself. On launching an attack,he soon found himself flying in midair, hitting the ground head first not knowing what had happened. A dazed and bewildered Gozo Shioda was surprised by what had taken place. The very next day which was 24th May 1932, Gozo Shioda joined the Kobukan Dojo as an uchideshi or “residence disciple”.
Shioda trained under Morihei until 1941, when he also graduated from Takushoku University. He spent the war in an administrative support capacity in China, Taiwan, Celebes and Borneo. Following the lifting of the ban on the practice of martial arts after the Second World War,in 1954, Shioda performed his first public Aikido demonstration in the presence of 15,000 spectators. He was awarded the grand price for the best performance. Within a year Soke Gozo Shioda established his dojo Yoshinkan named after his father’s original dojo with its first location in Yoyogi Hachimon.
Gozo Shioda traveled all over Japan during 1950?s demonstrating the Yoshinkan Aikido as a strong style, concerned with practicality and efficiency of its techniques. Yoshinkan Aikido is made compulsory to the Tokyo Metropolitan Women’s police force and the annual training of an elite group of Kidotai or Riot Police. The riot Police course has been running for well over thirty-five years.
In 1961, Soke Gozo Shioda’s mastery of aikido was confirmed when Morihei Ueshiba awarded him the degree of 9th Dan.Aikido was further acknowledged when in 1984 the International Martial Arts Federation awarded him the degree of 10th Dan along with the title Meijin or Grand Master. During the forty years since it was established, Yoshinkan Aikido has expanded to all over Japan,America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and South East Asia.
In 1990, Soke Gozo Shioda established the International Yoshinkan Aikido Federation to follow up on the growth and coordination of worldwide interest towards Yoshinkan Aikido.
Soke Gozo Shioda, an outstanding martial artist, author, teacher and Founder of the Yoshinkan Aikido died in Tokyo on 17th July 1994.
History of Shudokan
The history of Shudokan begins with Thamby Rajah Sensei. Known as “the Founder of Aikido in Malaysia”. Thamby Sensei began his Martial Arts career with the study of Judo. Travelling to Japan to further his studies, Thamby Sensei trained under Harayoshi Ichijima Sensei and Mifune Kyuso Sensei, who was 10th Dan and one of the foremost teachers at the Kodokan.
Whilst training at the Kodokan, Thamby Sensei was introduced to Soke Gozo Shioda. As a result, Thamby Sensei combined his training of Judo with that of Yoshinkan Aikido. A year later, Thamby Sensei returned to Malaysia, having been awarded a Black belt in Judo and a Black belt in Aikido (the first Malaysian to achieve such status).
While in Japan, Soke Gozo Shioda, gave Thamby Sensei the name “Shudokan”, which was to be the name of the founding dojo in Malaysia. ‘Shu’ meaning to study, ‘Do’ meaning the way and ‘Kan’ meaning house. On returning to Seremban, Thamby Sensei established the “Shudokan” – the place to learn the way. Thamby Sensei introduced Aikido to Malaysia for the first time. Having opened the first Aikido dojo in Malaysia and was the first Malaysian to practice Aikido hence making him the Father of Malaysian Aikido.